Tivoli

City of the arts located a few miles away from Antica Mola

Monuments

  • Villa Adriana;
  • Villa d'Este;
  • Villa Gregoriana;
  • Temple of Vesta;
  • Temple of Sibilla;
  • Temple of Tosse;
  • Santcuary of Ercole Vincitore;
  • Bleso amphitheatre;
  • Rocca Pia;
  • Aniene and watefall

History

Ancient times

Ancient city called Tibur, which claims to be older than Rome (1215 BC). The settlement was established and strengthened on the left bank of the Aniene river, where the tiburtini retreated in the Middle Ages, taking advantage of a dominant position on the river, which was the shortest route to the transhumance of flocks from Abruzzo to the Tiber. The fact that the ancient Tibur was the meeting point of djfferent populations, especially the Sabines and Latins, is confirmed by the existence of the large sanctuary of Hercules restored by June 2011.

Roman Period

In the first century b.C. Tivoli became a resort area, famous for its beauty and its healing waters, which was enriched with many famous Roman villas, including: Orazio, Cassio, Quintilio Publius Varus, to Manlio Sopisco, the remains of which are incorporated in the Villa Gregoriana, till the most famous Villa of the Emperor Hadrian.

Middle Ages

Frederick Barbarossa, supported by Tivoli against Rome, improved the fortification walls and gave the town the honor to bear the imperial eagle. In the Middle Ages it became a bishopric and Tivoli was strongly implicated in feudal strifes. Always jealous of its independence, and disputed between Roman barons and the Benedictine feud of Subiaco, to escape the bishop's dominance sided with the Ghibelline party.

Renaissance

From the fifteenth century Tivoli formed part of the Church's patrimony, which was then followed by a period of splendour: first with Pope Pius II, which ended the massive Rocca Pia, and then with Cardinal Ippolito d'Este, who was responsible for construction of the Villa d'Este.

Risorgimento

In 1867 Tivoli was a witness of the Roman Campaign for the liberation of Rome with the Garibaldi’s Pianciani column.

Today

While the modern part of the city, built and rebuilt after the Second World War, is architecturally and urbanistically modest, the oldest preserved medieval buildings and major routes are extremely interesting and picturesque. In this area of Tivoli are found the first and most ancient urban archaeological sites, as the Acropolis, the Temple of Vesta and the Temple of the Sibyl, the Temple of the Tosse, the Sanctuary of Hercules and the Bleso Amphitheatre, built in the time of Hadrian . The main attractions of the city are: the Villa Gregoriana and the Aniene waterfall, and the two Villa now UNESCO World Heritage Site, Hadrian's Villa and Villa d'Este.

Tivoli

Tivoli

Tivoli

Tivoli

Tivoli