"Rome is the capital of the world! This site links the entire history of the world, and I count to be born a second time, to be truly risen, the day I set foot in Rome. Its beauty raised me gradually until their height" (Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Italienische Reise 0.1813 to 1817)
- The URBE: in ancient times the word Urbs Roma indicated as the "city" par excellence;
- CAPUT MUNDI capital of the world
- URBE AETERNA the Eternal City
Rome is the capital of the Italian Republic
It is the most populous and largest city in Italy and one of the major European capitals in terms of its territorial size.
Historical and architectural heritage
It is the city with the highest concentration of historical and architectural landmarks in the world. Its historic center delimited by the perimeter of the Aurelian walls, which are overlapping testimonies of almost three millennia, was the first great metropolis, the heart of one of the most important ancient civilizations and an expression of the historical, artistic and cultural heritage of the Western world.
It was the capital of the Roman Empire, which extended its rule over the Mediterranean Basin and much of Europe. In 1980, together with extraterritorial properties of the Holy See in the city and the Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls, has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Rome, the heart of Catholic Christianity, is the only city in the world to accommodate within itself a foreign state which is represented by the enclave of the Vatican City: for this reason it is often referred to as the capital of two states. Over 16% of the world's cultural heritage is located in Rome (70% in Italy).
In addition to the municipal coat of arms is the Capitoline she-wolf, a bronze statue of the legendary she-wolf who suckled the twins Romulus and Remus, the Colosseum, the largest amphitheatre in the Roman world, recognized in 2007 as one of the seven wonders of the modern world ( unique in Europe), and the Dome, the dome of St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican, overlooking the entire city and symbolizing the Christian world. Another important Symbol of the city during antiquity was the imperial eagle, the military effigy military; during the Middle Ages it was the lion, animal emblem of supremacy.
There are a number of proverbs and sayings concerning Rome:
- In Rome you need three things: bread, clothes and patience.
- Who has not seen Rome, believes nothing.
- It does not matter to go to Rome for penance.
- When in Rome, do as the Romans.
- Rome, to whom nothing in a hundred years, to whom much in three days.
- Rome was not built in a day.
- All roads lead to Rome.
- To know Rome a lifetime is not sufficient.
Embassies and consulates
Rome hosts foreign embassies near the Italian Republic (138 embassies) and the Holy See, including, therefore, also the Italian Embassy in the Holy See.
Rome is only 30 minutes from l’Antica mola